The Italian classics – everyone has tried them and everyone must have certain preferences. Nevertheless the requirements of the INEI help make the preferred coffee beverage slightly more perfect.
When espresso is made, which must not contain any additives or flavourings, hot water flows through the powdered coffee under pressure. The pressure should be 9 bar (+/-1) and the cup should be filled with 25 ml (+/- 2.5 ml) within 25 seconds. The quantity of coffee to be used is approx. 7 g (+/- 0.5 g). The water temperature of 88° C (+/- 2° C) at the exit from the thermoblock results in a beverage which is 67° C (+/- 3° C) hot, when it enters the cup.
Espresso macchiato, also called caffè macchiato, is an Italian variety of espresso. The same criteria apply as to the production of perfect espresso according to INEI, and it is refined by a small quantity of milk foam on top of it. The basis is still the espresso cup as a quantity.
A traditional cappuccino consists of 25 ml of espresso and 100 ml of steamfrothed milk. The milk used must have a protein content of no less than 3.2% and a fat content of at least 3.5%. Only milk which meets these criteria can guarantee a high-quality sensory profile. INEI-certified cappuccino has a white topping with a small brown edge.
A ristretto is a shortened concentrated espresso and is made of the same quantity of coffee as an espresso, but with less water. This makes ristretto the smallest member of the espresso family. The quantity of coffee required is 7 g (+/- 0.5 g). The water temperature of 88° C (+/- 2° C) at the exit from the brew group results in a beverage of 15 ml (+/- 2.5 ml) after 20 seconds, which is 67° C (+/- 3° C) hot when it reaches the cup. The flow pressure of the water should be 9 bar (+/- 1 bar).
Cold drink of ice cubes and a double espresso, mixed in a cocktail shaker and frothed, optionally refined with amaretto or grappa.
Latte macchiato means patchy milk and consists of one third each of espresso, hot milk and frothed milk. It is served in a high glass of 220 to 250 ml, with the individual layers of coffee, milk and frothed milk ideally remaining visibly separate.
First the frothed milk is poured into a latte glass, only then is the espresso prepared and slowly poured into the frothed milk. During the preparation of the espresso the hot milk settles from the frothed milk and cools down. As a result the espresso concentrates in the middle of the glass and the typical three-layer pattern of this classic emerges.
Espresso with a strong alcoholic drink, most commonly served with a shot of grappa.
Traditional hot beverage. 1/3 espresso, 1/3 drinking chocolate, 1/3 liquid cream, optionally a little sugar. Bicerin is a traditional, non-alcoholic hot beverage originally from Turin. The word Bicerin is Piedmontese and means “
Italian milk coffee consisting of a double espresso and hot, frothed milk. This beverage is served in a big cup of 250 to 300 ml, possibly with a little frothed milk.
Café au lait is often served as a popular breakfast beverage. It may be served in a bowl or an appropriately sized glass. No additional milk froth is used.
Do you need different coffee beans for the different coffee beverages (espresso, cappuccino, latte macchiato)?
No, they consist of the same basis: espresso. Therefore, if some basic rules are observed, the same coffee beans can be used. They should have an intensive flavour, since it is particularly important that the coffee flavour – which should be characterised by a subtle acidity – still predominates, when milk is used. This acidity in turn (which must not be mistaken for the negative feature “sour” for coffee roasted too fast and not long enough) is closely associated with the characteristics of the bean used. Arabica beans are predestined for subtle acidity. Even interfering bitter substances can still be tasted in a cappuccino or latte macchiato despite the added milk, which gives the coffee a somewhat sweetish flavour. Therefore, the coffee used should be tasty and round as an espresso, this makes it suitable for milk beverages on an espresso basis as well.
Does coffee have calories, and if so, how many?
A cup of black coffee contains practically no calories (2 cal). This changes, if milk and/or sugar is added to the coffee. For a cappuccino without sugar it is as much as 40 calories without sugar, with about 6 g sugar it is even about 70 calories. For a latte macchiato with sugar this number goes up to 100 calories and more, but the calorific value also depends on the kind of milk. By the way pure coffee supports the metabolism, the body burns more calories, so that it can be enjoyed by calorie-conscious consumers without a bad conscience, while coffee beverages with milk and sugar may well correspond to a small meal and have to be digested accordingly.